Institute of Engineering (IOE) of Tribhuvan University, Nepal Published the notice for the MSC entrance examination 2078. Find more details about the notice through the IOE 's website . Here we have summarized the notice and entrance guide for candidate who graduated with bachelor of Agricultural Engineering.


Entrance fee: NRS 2,000/-

Detailed Schedule for Entrance Examination of Masters Programs-2078

Time and Date for Online Application: From 10 AM, 3 Mangsir 2078 (19th November 2021) to 3 PM, 17th Mangsir 2078 (3rd December 2021)
Admit card can be downloaded from: 23rd Mangsir 2078 (9th December 2021) from website: https://entrance.ipe.edu.np/
Entrance Examination will be held at ICTC, IOF, Pulchowk: From 26th Mangsir 2078 (12nd December 2021)
Publication of Result: 2nd Poush 2078 (17th December 2021)

Master program for graduate of Agricultural Engineering in IOE, TU

The graduate of Agricultural Engineering or equivalent can admit in two constituent campus of IOE in following specific master programs

A. Pulchowk Campus (http://pcampus.edu.np/)

In different 12 programs offered by different departments. as shown in following table I. 

B. Purwanchal campus (http://ioepc.edu.np/)

Land and water Engineering or in Sanitation Engineering offered by the department of Civil and Agricultural Engineering.

There will be total intake of 20 in each programs, among which 5 will be regular, 1 for IOE reserved, 6 for full fee and 8 for sponsored. But one seat in regular and one seat in full fee category are reserved for female candidate in each program. If there is no application for the IOE reserved or sponsored then these seat will be fulfilled as full fee category. And one fourth quota has been reserved for foreign students in each programs.

Table-I: MSc programs, Entrance streams and offering departments and campuses.



Entrance stream

Offered by

A. Pulchowk Campus, Lalitpur


Water Resources Engineering


Department of Civil Engineering


Environmental Engineering



Hydropower Engineering



Construction Management



Disaster Risk Management



Renewable Energy Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


Energy Systems Planning and Management



Technology and Innovation Management



Climate Change and Development


Department of Science and Humanities


Material Science and Engineering



Applied Mathematics



Energy for Sustainable Social Development


Department of Architecture

B. Purwanchal Campus, Dharan


Land and water Engineering


Department of Civil and Agricultural Engineering


Sanitation Engineering


Mode of Entrance Examination

The candidate should appear in one of the streams (listed in Table-II) of entrance examination and qualify for admission in relevant Master Program at IOE.

Table-II: Entrance Streams and Code

S. No.

Entrance Stream

Entrance Code


Planning and Architecture



Civil & Agriculture Engineering



Electrical Engineering



Electronics & Computer Engineering



Mechanical and Industrial Engineering



Applied Science 



Geomatics Engineering  



Applied Mathematics



Ø  Entrance examination will be of Computer Based Multiple Choice Type of 2 hours duration consisting of two sections. Section- A consists of 45 questions for 50 marks. While Section-B consists of stream specialized course with 50 numbers of questions of 1 mark each.

Ø  The Candidates have to secure minimum marks as prescribed by the Faculty Board of IOE.

Ø  All questions will be in English.

There will be 10% negative marking for wrong answer. Non programmable calculators are permitted. Exchange of calculators is strictly prohibited. Candidates have to bring their own calculators in the exam hall.

Selection procedure

The entrance examination board of IOE will publish the list of the successful candidates in the entrance examination notice board and via the website whereas the admission committee of constituent campuse will take care of admission procedure.

  • A Candidate who has passed the relevant bachelor degree and fulfills the program entry requirements will be selected for the admission on the basis of merit list based on the score of the entrance examination.
  • Admission committees of respective campuses will publish the list of admission as per its schedule. The candidates should contact the campus admission committee. All the selected candidates should follow the schedule published by the committee. Vacant seats due to the failure of any candidate to enroll in the prescribed time will be filled by admitting candidates from the consequent next list.


  • The successful candidate should pay required fee and complete the procedures within the time prescribed by the admission committee of the campuses. Candidates failing to do so will lose the opportunity to get the admission. The following documents should be presented at the time of admission:
    • Original and attested copies of transcripts of all academic records from SLC onwards to the latest approved degree (bachelor/masters).
    • Original copies of migration and provisional certificates, if applicable.
    • Original copy of Nepali citizenship certificate, passport for foreign students
  • In case of discrepancy on verification of the original certificates, or in case of inclusion of the candidate's name in the admission list by mistake of any kind, admission of such a candidate will be cancelled even after his/her formal admission.
  • To be eligible for master's entrance application, the candidate must have passed bachelor degree in relevant subjects with at least second division.

Books for entrance preparation:

  1. Objective book MSC entrance  Volume I & II for CIVIL and Agricultural Engineering (CA) written by Er. Hari Ram Pyakurel & Er. Laxman Lamsal
  2. Reference books from bachelor books

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What is Bioengineering?

Bioengineering is use of living plants either alone or in configuration with small scale civil engineering structures/ non-living plant materials for the purpose of reducing shallow seated instability & controlling erosion in slopes.

picture from: https://chandrashekharasandprints.wordpress.com

Engineering functions of Bioengineering

Engineering functions of Bioengineering to be performed are:
a) Anchor
b) Catch
c) Armour
d) Drain
e) Reinforce
f) Support

Steps for Bioengineering

To implement slope stabilization works including both civil & bio-engineering, following steps are implemented:
I. Make initial plan
2. Prioritize the works:
3. Divide the side or slope into segments
4. Assess the side
5. Determine civil engineering works
6. Choose the right bio-engineering techniques
7 Design the civil & bio-engineering works
8. Select the species to use
9. Calculate the required quantities and rates
10. Finalise priority against available budget
11. Plan plant needs
12. Arrange implementation & prepare documents
13. Prepare the plant propagation
14. Make the necessary side arrangement
15. Prepare the side
16. Implement the civil engineering work
17. Implement the bio-engineering work
18. Monitor the works
19. Maintan the works (Routine & preventive maintenance)

Learn more through following article 

Role of Bio-engineering in Nepal

हाम्रो देशको कमलो भौगोलिक बनावट, भिराला पहाडहरु, अत्याधिक वर्षा आदिको कारणले प्राकृतिक भू क्षय भैरहन्छ भने बढ्दो जनसंख्याको चाप, खेतीयोग्य जमिनको सिमितता, खेतीपाती गर्ने पुरानो चलन, प्राकृतिक स्रोतहरुको जथाभावी प्रयोग एवं अज्ञानताको कारणले कृत्रिम भु-क्षय भैरहेको कुरा हामी सबैमा अवगतै छ । जसबाट ठूलो धनजनको क्षति हुने गरेको छ । यो समस्याबाट देशले मुक्ति पाउनको लागि विभिन्न ठाउँमा विभिन्न किसिमका सिभिल संरचनाहरुको निर्माण गर्दै गरेको भएतापनि ती समस्याहरूबाट मुक्ति पाउन सफल भएको देखिदैन । तसर्थ उपयुक्त किसिमको कम खर्चिलो एव दिगो प्रविधिको प्रयोगबाट भू-संरक्षण गर्नु आजको आवश्यकता बनेको छ र त्यो प्रविधि बायो इंन्जिनियरिङ मात्र हुन सक्छ।

# वायो ईन्जिनियरिङ के हो ?
साधारण अर्थमा भन्ने हो भने वायो ईन्जिनिरिङको एउटा शाखा हो। जसमा जिवित बोटबिरुवा (वनस्पति) को एकल प्रयोग वा जिवित वनस्पति र सिभिल ईन्जिनियरिङ संरचनाहरुको दुवैको संयुक्त प्रयोग गरेर भूक्षय रोकथाम गर्ने एउटा प्रविधि हो । यो प्रविधि तुलनात्मकरुपमा सस्तो, स्थानिय स्रोत साधन, सीप र जनसहभागितामा आधारित भएकोले बढी दिगो र प्रभावकारी र जो कोहीले पनि सजिलैसँग कार्यान्वयन तथा अनुशरण गर्न सक्छ ।

# परिभाषा
विशुद्ध इन्जिनियरिङ संरचनाहरु मात्र भू-क्षय रोकथामको दिगो उपाय होईन। एकातिर ईन्जिनियरिङ स्ट्रचर धेरै महंगा हुन्छन् भने अर्को तिर यसको लागि धेरै दक्ष प्रविधि (skill Technique) को आवश्यकता पर्दछ । जुन क्रमशः ग्रामीण स्तरमा निर्माण गर्न पनि सम्भव हुँदैन भने उपभोक्ताहरुबाट व्यहोर्न पनि असंभव हुन्छ । निर्माण कार्य समाप्तीको लगत्तै इन्जिनियरिङ सरचनाहरुको शक्ति उच्चतम हुन्छ भने समयको अन्तरालसँग घट्दै गई शूज्य हुन पुग्छ तर वनस्पति संरचना (Bio Engineering Structure) मा शुरुमा शक्ति शुन्य भई समय अन्तरालमा उच्चतम हुन पुग्छ सिभिल इन्जिनियरिङ स्ट्रक्चर र वनस्पति संरचनाको संयुक्तरुपमा प्रयोग गर्दा इन्जिनियरिङ संरचनाको कार्य विस्तारै वनस्पतिमा सर्छ र बनस्पतिले इन्जिनियरिङ संरचनाको कार्य गर्दछ ।

Engineering Function Vegetation

# वनस्पति ईन्जिनियरिङका कार्यहरु (Engineering Function Vegetation)
१. समात्नु (Catch): बोट बिरुवाले वर्षाको पानीलाई ठाडै तलतिर बग्नबाट रोक्दछ साथै भू-क्षय प्रक्रियामा झर्ने ढुंगा, माटो तथा लेदोलाई आफ्नो फेद नजिकै थुपार्दछन् ।
२ कवच (Armour) :- वनस्पति तथा घाँसपातहरुले माटो बग्ने कार्यलाई रोक्न जमिनलाई सुरक्षा कवच (Protective Cover) प्रदान गर्दछ ।
३. जेलिनु (Dense Roots) माटो भित्र जेलिएर रहेको वनस्पतिका जराहरुले (Dense Roots) माटो र ढुंगालाई समातेर राख्ने शक्ति प्रदान गर्दछ ।
४. अड्काउनु (Anchor) :- रुखका मुल जरा जमिन भित्रसम्म गएर रुखलाई बलियो गरी उभ्याउँदछ र माथिबाट झरेका ढुंगाका स-साना टुक्राहरु एवं भिरालोलाई अड्याउन सहयोग गर्दछ ।
५. सहारा (Support) :- वनस्पतिका मूल जरा वा सहायक जराहरुले भिरालो सतहमा रहेका ढुंगा एवं माटोलाई एकिकृत गरी भूक्षय रोकथाममा सहारा प्रदान गर्दछ ।
६. निकास(Drain) :- बनस्पतिले जमिनको सतह र सतहमुनिको अनावश्यक पानीलाई आफ्नो जरा प्रणालीको सहायताले जमिन भित्र पानी निकासको कार्य गर्दछ ।

Bio Engineering Techniques

# वायो ईन्जिनियरिङ उपायहरु (Bio Engineering Techniques)
१. बीउ छर्ने (Grass, Tress & shrub Sowing) - निकै अफ्ठ्यारो, अस्थिर, भिरालो चट्टानी भाग जहाँ बिरुवा रोप्न अफ्ठ्यारो हुन्छ, त्यस ठाउँमा सिर्व बीउ छरिन्छ ।
२. बांस अम्रिसो रोप्ने (Bamboo broomgrass planting) :- अति भिरालो ठाउँमा बाँसले पञ्चलि (Toe wall) को काम गर्दछ ।
३. जिवित छेकबधि (Live Checkdam) :- सानासाहरुमा छिटो सर्ने रुख तथा बिरुवाहरुको हाँगा रोपिन्छ ।
४. पखल बाँध र तार जालीको बाँध (Loose stone & Gabion chechdam) :- गल्छीको शिरमा, बेडमा र वरिपरि छुट्टै वा नियन्त्रण बांधसंग संयुक्तरुपमा बिरुवा रोपिन्छ ।
५. बस लेयरिङ (Brush Layering) :- कम भिरालो तथा खुकुलो माटोले पुरेको जमिनमा सिमली, असुरो जस्ता छिटै सर्ने जातका रुखका हाँगाहरु तेर्सो लाइनमा सुताएर रोपिन्छ ।
६ किला र बाँसको छेकवार (Brush wood checkdam) :- गल्छीहरुमा बाँस र काठको प्रयोगबाट छेकबांध बनाइन्छ ।
७. मुढे बांध (Log dam) :- अलि बढी गहिराई र चौडाई भएको गल्छीमा यसप्रकारको बाँधको प्रयोग गरिन्छ ।

Features of Bio-engineering

  • कम खर्चिलो (Cost effective)
  • विभिन्न वनस्पतिहरु स्थानीय स्तरमा उपलब्ध हुने,
  • उच्च प्रविधि र दक्ष जनशक्ति नचाहिने,
  • ग्रामीण स्तरबाट भिरालोको अस्थिरता र भूक्षय घटाउन सकिने,
  • वनस्पतिबाट फलफूल उत्पादन भई आयआर्जनमा वृद्धि गर्न सकिने,
  • पर्यावरणीय सुधार (Envoronmental Improvement) हुने,
  • वनस्पतिमा विविधता हुने काम गर्न सजिलो हुने,
  • लामो समयसम्म टिकाउ हुने,
  • मर्मत गर्न सजिलो हुने ।

Varieties of vegetation suitable for Bio-engineering

# वायो ईन्जिनियरिङका लागि उपयुक्त बिरुवाहरु
१. घाँस प्रजाति (Grasses): अम्रिसो, बाबियो, दुबो, कांख, खर, नरकट, तिते निगालो, पुर्के, खसखस, बांस आदि ।
२. नेपियर, झाडी बुट्टयान प्रजाति (Shrubs) : अर्गेली, आंक, असुरो, बैस, झुजेत्रो, घनेरी, घुसुन, केतुकी, अलैची, ऐसेलु, निलकाढा, सिम्ले, लालुपाते, कदम, कांडा फूल आदि ।
३. रुख प्रजाति (Treeses): उत्तिस, बैस, बकाइनो, चिलाउने, दबदबे, बागियो, खयर, सिसौ, चॉप, चिउरी लांकुरी, पैयौं, फलेदो आदि ।


Post: Agricultural Engineer Instructor in Agriculture & Forestry University, Nepal

Site Address: https://sc.afu.edu.np/ (Notice and Apply now)

Qualifications: B.E. in Agri engineering/B.Sc. Agri. Engineering with at least second division from any recognized institutions. 

Syllabus: PDF icon Download


Syllabus for Agricultural Engineering (Instructor) 

1. General Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering. 

    1. Principles of Crop Production (cereals, pulses, oilseed, cash crops, vegetables, and fruits) 
    2. Plant Physiological Process 
    3. Soil fertility, properties and classification 
    4. Soil-water -plant relationship: infiltration, evaporation, transpiration and   consumptive use, and evapotranspiration (ET) estimation methods 
    5. Crop water requirements, irrigation frequencies, and irrigation effectiveness 
    6. Irrigation and drainage methods (furrow irrigation, border irrigation, check basin irrigation, sprinkler and drip/tickle irrigation, surface and sub-surface drainage system) 
    7. Soil erosion (rain drop erosion, rill erosion, gully erosion, stream channel erosion) and their control measures (engineering and bioengineering methods) 
    8. Human, animal, electrical, and mechanical powers  
    9. Introduction to primary and secondary tillage implements 
    10. Planting, harvesting, threshing machines, and pumps 

2. Surveying  

    1. General: Classifications; Principle of surveying; Selection of suitable method; Scales, plans and maps 
    2. Leveling: Methods of leveling; Leveling instruments and accessories; Principles of leveling  
    3. Theodolite and Traverse surveying: Temporary adjustments of theodolites; Fundamental lines and desired relations; Tachometry- stadia method; trigonometrically leveling; Checks in closed traverse  
    4. Contouring: Characteristics of contour lines; Method of locating contours; Contour plotting  
    5. Layout: Small buildings; Simple curves  

3. Construction Materials  

  1. Stone: Formation and availability of stones in Nepal; Methods of laying and construction with various stones  
  2. Cement: types, Ingredients, properties and manufacture; Admixtures 
  3. Clay and Bricks: type, manufacture, laying, bonds 
  4. Paints and Varnishes: type and selection; preparation techniques; use 

4. Mechanics of Materials and Structures  

    1. Mechanics of Materials: Internal effects of loading; Ultimate strength and working   stress of materials  
    2. Mechanics of Beams: Relation between shear force and bending moment; Thrust, shear and bending moment diagrams for statically determinate beams under various types of loading 
    3. Simple Strut Theory 

5. Hydraulics 

    1. General: Properties of fluid; mass, weight, specific weight, density, specific volume, specific gravity, viscosity; Pressure and Pascal's Law  
    2.  Hydro Kinematics and Hydro Dynamics: Energy of flowing liquid; elevation energy, kinetic energy, potential energy, internal energy  
    3.  Measurement of Discharge: Weirs and notches; Discharge formulas 
    4.  Flows: Characteristics of pipe flow and open channel flow 

6. Soil Mechanics 

    1. General : Soil types and USCS soil classification; Three phase system of soil; Unit weight of soil mass- bulk unit weight, saturated unit weight, submerged unit weight and dry unit weight; Interrelationship between specific gravity, void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, percentage of air voids air content and density index  
    2. Soil Water Relation: Darcy's law; Factors affecting permeability 
    3. Compaction of Soil: Factors affecting soil compaction; Optimum moisture content; relation between dry density and moisture content  
    4. Earth Pressures: Active and passive earth pressures 
    5. Foundation Engineering: Terzaghi's general bearing capacity formulas and their application 

7. Structural Design 

    1. R.C Section in Bending: Under reinforced, over reinforced and balanced sections 
    2. Shear and Bond for a R.C Section: Shear resistance of a R.C section; Types of shear reinforcement 
    3. Axially Loaded R.C. columns: Short and long columns 
    4. Design and Drafting of R.C. Structures: Singly and doubly reinforced rectangular beams; Simple one way and two way slabs; Axially loaded short and long columns 

8. Building Construction Technology 

    1.  Foundations: Subsoil exploration; Type and suitability of different foundations- shallow and deep; Shoring and dewatering 
    2. Walls: Type of walls and their functions; Choosing wall thickness, height to length relation; Use of scaffolding 
    3. Damp Proofing: Sources of dampness; Remedial measures to prevent dampness 
    4. Concrete Technology: Constituents of cement concrete; Grading of aggregates; Concrete mixes; Water cement ratio  
    5. Factors affecting strength of concrete  
    6. Form work 
    7. Curing 

9. Soil and Water Engineering 

    1. Water Conveyance and Control: Design of open channels, channel linings, drop structures and spillways, water control and division structures; Design of under- ground pipe conveyance system  
    2. Land Development: Land leveling-grading design methods, estimation of earthwork quantities, leveling and grading procedures, equipment for land grading and field layout  
    3. Ground Water, Irrigation Wells and Pumps: Design of wells; Wells construction procedures;  Indigenous water lifting devices, positive displacement pumps, centrifugal pumps, vertical turbine pumps, submersible pumps, propeller and mixed flow pumps, selection of pumps and their performances, repaired and maintenance  
    4. Conservation structures, watershed management and water harvesting techniques 

10. Farm Structure Development  

  1. Planning of farmstead, farm residence, water supply and sanitation  
  2. Farm road, farm fencing, farm ponds, farm irrigation and drainage  
  3. Animal Shelters: Dairy barn (housing requirements, stanchion and loose housing barns with milking barn, pen barn); Poultry housing (housing requirements, types of poultry house, brooder house;  Sheep and goat housing (types, housing requirements, construction material, layout); Swine housing (types, housing requirements, construction materials, layout);  Aqua cultural engineering (types, pond construction)  
  4. Storage Structures: Fodder storage structure, feed storage structure, food grain 
  5. storage structure, indigenous storage structure, bag storage structure, grain bins, and modern godown; Farm machinery storage structure and farm workshop  
  6. Farm and Rural Electrification: Power transmission and distribution, house wiring and its components; AC motor (single phase and poly phase), starters, selection of electric motors, care and maintenance of electric equipments; Microhydro power plants  

11. Estimating and Costing 

    1. General: Main items of work; Units of measurement  
    2. Rate Analysis: Basic general knowledge of the use of rate analysis and norms  
    3. Specifications: Interpretation of specifications  
    4. Valuation: Methods of valuation  

12. Rural Engineering  

  1.  Green Roads 
  2. Water Supply and Sanitation Engineering (Source of water and its selection: gravity and artisan springs, shallow and deep wells; infiltration galleries) 
  3. Bio engineering Measures 
  4. Renewable Energy