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Public Service Commission Commission (PSC), Nepal Agriculture Research Council Examination conducted on 2080/08/17.

This is the first paper, time is 45 minutes and full marks is 100. Each question carry the 2 marks.

Subject: Agriculture Research Development

Objective questions with their solution asked on NARC (Nepal examination 2080 for the post of T-6 Technical officer Pomology, Olericulture, Agri Engineeing.

A) to enhance dairy production

B) to improve horticulture practice

C) to increase rice and wheat productivity

D) to promote organic farming

A) 4.0 and 8.0

B) 7.0 and 9.0

C) 5.5 and 7.0

D) 2.3 and 9.3

A) 1981

B) 1983

C) 1989

D) 1991

A) 2017

B) 2018

C) 2019

D) 2020

A) Selection of least cost

B) Enterprise mix

C) Level of resource use

D) All of the above

A) solve the farmers' problems

B) increase crop productivity

C) develop improved varieties

D) All of the above

A) Reading

B) Hearing

C) Seeing

D) Both B and C

A) 2010

B) 2012

C) 2014

D) 2016

A) 26°22′-30°27′ latitude, 80°4′-88°12′ longitude

B) 25°20′-29°37′ latitude, 80°6′-85°10′ longitude

C) 26°20′-30°22′ latitude, 80°6′-84°12′ longitude

D) 24°22′-28°27′ latitude, 82°4′-86°12′ longitude

A) International trade of agricultural products

B) Agricultural policies and regulations

C) Market research for agricultural products

D) Promoting agricultural research and development

A) Promoting organic farming exclusively

B) Enhancing crop diversification

C) Achieving food self-sufficiency

D) Developing large scale agro industries

A) Year of manufacture

B) Grain color

C) Manufacturing/processing plant

D) Moisture percentage in grain

A) Cotton, Sorghum

B) Rice, Jute

C) Chilli, Tomato

D) Sugarcane, beat

A) Mango

B) Banana

C) Mandarin

D) Apple

A) Clean Energy for Agriculture Program

B) Climate-Resilient Agriculture Program

C) Green Revolution Program

D) Rapid Urbanization Program

A) Carbon dioxide

B) Methane

C) Sulphur hexafluoride

D) Chlorofluorocarbons

A) Decrease crop yield due to excessive chemical use

B) Increase dependence on imported crops

C) Enhanced crop yields through the adoption of improved varieties and practices

D) Indiscriminate deforestation

A) By promoting large scale deforestation

B) By using advanced irrigation methods and crop-rotation

C) By encouraging monoculture farming

D) By depleting soil nutrient rapidly

A) Carbon dioxide

B) Methane

C) Nitrous oxide

D) All of the above

A) Livestock production

B) Horticulture

C) Paddy cultivation

D) Fishery

A) ADS vision paper

B) National seed vision paper

C) APP vision paper

D) All of the above

A) 17

B) 23

C) 35

D) 42

A) 1990 to 2010

B) 1995 to 2015

C) 2000 to 2015

D) 2005 to 2020

A) 500-1000m from msl

B) 1000-1500m from msi

C) 1500-2000m from msl

D) 2000-3000m from mst

A) Extension personnel

B) Concerned stakeholders

C) End users

D) All of the above

A) IFPRI

B) CIP

C) ICRISAT

D) China

A) Philippines

B) Mexico

C) India

D) China

A) 2055

B) 2059

C) 2069

D) 2079

A) CIAT

B) CIMMYT

C) ICRISAT

D) IITA

A) problem of road networks

B) problem of electricity

C) narrow terraces

D) all of the above

A) Mirex X

B) Dimethoate

C) Phorate

D) Aldrion

A) Epilachnene beetle

B) Aphelinus mali

C) Tiger beetle

D) Mycorrhizae

A) To increase agricultural production and productivity

B) Developing the foundations of a commercial and competitive agricultural system

C) Conservation, promotion and utilization of natural resources, environment and biodiversity

D) To enhance the value chain of agricultural products

A) 1975 AD

B) 1977 AD

C) 1979 AD

D) 1981 AD

A) Nepal Agricultural Research Council

B) Universities with agriculture education

C) NGO and Private sectors

D) All of the above

A) FY 2075/76-FY 2079/80

B) FY 2076/77 - FY2080/81

C) FY 2077/78-FY 2081/82

D) None of the above

A) Triazines

B) Carbamates

C) Organochlorines

D) Organophosphates

A) Golden delicious

B) HRMN 99

C) Red delicious

D) Anna

A) Mango

B) Mandarin

C) Apple

D) Banana

A) 1965 AD

B) 1975 AD

C) 1985 AD

D) 1995 AD

A) Acetochlor

B) Azadirachtin

C) Metaldehyde

D) Mancozeb

A) Control

B) Randomization

C) Replication

D) None of the above

A) Carbon dioxide

B) Carbon monoxide

C) Nitric acid

D) Methane

A) Cooperation and people participation

B) Indigenous knowledge

C) Principle of grass root level organization

D) All of the above

A) 1974 AD

B) 1975 AD

C) 1976 AD

D) 1977 AD

A) Mt. Everest and Simara

B) Mt. Everest and Rajbiraj

C) Mt. Everest and Bankatiya

D) Mt. Everest and Kechana

A) 4%

B) 5%

C) 6%

D) 7%

A) Paddy

B) Wheat

C) Millet

D) Maize

A) Ginger

B) Cardamom

C) Cinnamon

D) Chilly

A) BIB Design

B) Completely Randomized Design

C) Randomized Block Design

D) None of the above

 

Nepal Engineering Council Registration Examination  Model Question for Agricultural Engineering (AAgE)

Nepal Engineering Council Registration Examination 

Model Question for Agricultural Engineering (AAgE) 

 

Section A (60*1 = 60) 

  1. Modulus of elasticity is the stress when applied in a member will double the length due to 

    1. change in length = original length 

    2. change in length = twice of original length  

    3. final length = original length    

    4. final length = half of original length  


  1. Profound lumps of cement in a bag shall be confirmed instantly before its use by  

    1. consistency test   

    2. soundness test   

    3. freshness test   

    4. setting time test 


  1. Non-load bearing (e.g. compound wall) is generally constructed using stones in  

    1. ashlar fashion   

    2. coursed rubble   

    3. uncoursed rubble   

    4. chamfered ashlar 


  1. A body will appear mirror image with respect to  

    1. elastic neutral axis   

    2. plastic neutral axis  

    3. axis of symmetry   

    4. neutral axis and axis of symmetry  


  1. If a topographic map is prepared with 5m contour interval, then index contour is generally shown at 

    1. every 5th contour   

    2. every 3rd contour   

    3. every 10th contour   

    4. every 7th contour  


  1. Valuation of a currently running Bhat Bhateni supermarket shall be carried out more precisely by………… methods of valuation  

    1. plinth area   

    2. capitalized worth   

    3. depreciated   

    4. development  


  1. Which of the following property of soil is known for index property  

    1. size of particle   

    2. shape of particle   

    3. thixotropy   

    4. shape and size of particle  


  1. Compaction and consolidation are different because of 

    1. intensity of load applied   

    2. equipment used for loading purpose  

    3. expulsion of either air particle or water particle  

    4. either reduction of void ratio or increasing density of soil  


  1. A pure sand has its shear strength due to 

    1. Ο† (Internal friction)  

    2. C  

    3. C and Ο†  

    4. void ratio of sand 


  1. For construction of bridge pier, precise soil test shall be carried out by taking sample through  

    1. digging a pit 

    2. direct shear test   

    3. sand piling   

    4. standard split spoon sample

 

  1. Shallow foundation is different from deep foundation in many aspects, one of the prominent aspects is   

    1. it has low depth   

    2. it has wider width  

    3. worker can enter purposefully   

    4. only used in building construction  


  1. One of the greatest merits of raft foundation is  

    1. easier to construct than deep foundation  

    2. stronger than deep foundation  

    3. avoids unequal settlements  

    4. avoids unnecessary costs for soil tests  


  1. A liquid of specific gravity 0.8 is heavier than water by ---------- 

    1. 1.0   

    2. 0.8 m   

    3. 0.4 m    

    4. 1.6 m  


  1. Working principle of hydraulic lift is based on  

    1. Bernoulli’s principle    

    2. Archimedes’ principle   

    3. Pascal’s Law    

    4. Newton’s Law  


  1. Bernoulli’s equation is derived from  

    1. Kepler    

    2. Laplace   

    3. Euler    

    4. Poisson 


  1. Moody’s diagram for estimating head loss was originally developed for

     a) Circular pipes 
  1. Rectangular pipes 

  2. Trapezoidal pipes 

  3. Semi-circular pipes  


  1. If the flow parameters remain constant at any section along the flow at a particular instant of time, then flow is known as …………. flow 

a) steady   

  1. unsteady 

  2. uniform 

  3. nonuniform 


  1. The instrument used for measuring evaporation is  

    1. hygrometer   

    2. evaporimeter   

    3. lysimeter   

    4. luxmeter 


  1. Which of the following type of irrigation method uses artificial rain-like system to irrigate the land? 

    1. sprinkler irrigation method   

    2. furrow irrigation method  

    3. drip irrigation method   

    4. border irrigation method  


  1. If Q and f are the discharge and silt factors, respectively, which of the following is the correct formula for the velocity? a)  ( 𝑄 2)1/6 

140 𝑓

  1. (𝑄𝑓2)1/6 

140 

  1. (𝑄𝑓2)1/5 

140 

  1. (𝑄𝑓2)1/6 160 

 

  1. Subsurface drain removes …………….. water. 

    1. Gravitational Water 

    2. Hygroscopic Water  

    3. Capillary water  

    4. Capillary and hygroscopic water 

 

  1. Which of the following canal alignment encounters maximum number of cross-drainage works?  

    1. contour canal    

    2. side slope canal   

    3. detour canal   

    4. ridge canal  


  1. Ring irrigation approach is categorized under …………. irrigation method. 

    1. Contour 

    2. Border   

    3. Furrow  

    4. Check Basin 

 

  1. As per the mechanical principle of operation, reciprocating pumps are categorized under which of the following types? 

    1. turbine pumps  

    2. displacement Pumps 

    3. centrifugal Pumps 

    4. propeller Pumps 

 

  1. Power available from bullocks is related to its body weight is ……... 

    1. About 10% of body weight 

    2. About 20% of body weight 

    3. About 30% of body weight 

    4. About 50% of body weight 

 

  1. The approximate proportion of the air-fuel in a diesel engine is …………  

a) 10:1                                

  1. 20:1                                   

  2. 15:1                                                       

  3. 5:1 

 

  1. What is the disc Angle of a disc plow generally? 

    1. 10◦ 

    2. 20◦ 

    3. 30◦ 

    4. 45◦ 


  1. The broken grain received from main outlet of thresher is due to …… 

    1. Less concave clearance  

    2. Low speed of drum 

    3. More concave clearance  

    4. Small size of drum 

 

  1. The most commonly used pump in tractor hydraulic system is …………. 

    1. Centrifugal pump                   

    2. Reciprocating pump               

    3. Gear pump                                 

    4. Jet pump 

 

  1. Which of the following is the correct formula of shear stress encountered in the shaft for torsion? 

    1. 𝜏 = π‘˜π‘ 16 πœ‹T𝑑3                         

    2. 𝜏 = π‘˜π‘ 8 πœ‹M𝑑3                      

    3. 𝜏 = π‘˜π‘“32 πœ‹M𝑑3                     

    4. 𝜏 = π‘˜π‘ 32 πœ‹F𝑑3 

 

  1. What is the recommended maximum limit for deflection in reinforced concrete slabs? 

    1. L/180   

    2. L/240   

    3. L/360   

    4. L/480 

 

  1. What is the recommended minimum thickness of a two-way slab? 

    1. 100 mm  

    2. 125 mm   

    3. 150 mm  

    4. 175 mm 

 

  1. What is the function of a farm residence? 

    1. To provide shelter for farm animals  

    2. To provide a place for farm workers to live  

    3. To serve as a storage area for farm equipment  

    4. To provide living quarters for the farmer and their family 

 

  1. The purpose of a farm fence is ………. 

    1. to provide shade for crops  

    2. to prevent soil erosion  

    3. to control pests and diseases 

    4. to keep animals in or out of a certain area 

 

  1. Which of the following members can resist axial compression? 

    1. strut   

    2. tie  

    3. beam   

    4. cable  


  1. According to national building code (NBC) 202:2015, maximum unsupported length of long wall between cross walls shall be limited to  

    1. 4.0 m    

    2. 4.5 m   

    3. 5.0 m    

    4. 5.5 m 


  1. The most popular method of potato planting is …….. 

    1. Dibbling 

    2. Broadcasting 

    3. Throwing 

    4. Ridge & furrow method 

 

  1. Which of the following is the unit of soil’s electrical conductivity? 

    1. dS/m    

    2. poise/m   

    3. ohm/m                           

    4. ds/m

 

  1. Which method is used for the estimation of Phosphorus in soil? 

    1. Olsen                                 

    2. Jackson                          

    3. Bray                         

    4. Walkley and Black 

 

  1. The average annual soil loss does not depend on ……… 

    1. Rainfall Erosivity            

    2. Soil Erodibility            

    3. Crop Management            

    4. Soil’s Moisture Content 

 

  1. Where check dams are constructed?  

    1. drainage lines and Gullies      

    2. canal                        

    3. river                        

    4. ponds and Lakes 

 

  1. Which of the following is not a measure for Soil Conservation? 

    1. strip cropping             

    2. terrace Cultivation                         

    3. shelter belts                     

    4. overdrawing of ground Water 

 

  1. In a vapor compression system, the highest temperature during the cycle occurs after ….. a) compression                   

  1. evaporation                           

  2. condensation                  

  3. expansion 

 

  1. Which of the following is not an example of an engineering property of bio-materials? a) moisture content      

  1. density             

  2. sugar content              

  3. rheological properties 

 

  1. Which of the following is a common post-harvest treatment used for grains? 

    1. blanching  

    2. fermentation   

    3. freezing  

    4. drying 

 

  1. Which of the following is the common expelling process used for oil seed? 

    1. abrasive expelling  

    2. roller expelling  

    3. screw pressing  

    4. gravity separation 

 

  1. The process of reducing the milk flat globules size of allow them to stay evenly distributed in milk is called as ………….. 

    1. standardization                   

    2. pasteurization                   

    3. homogenization              

    4. fortification 

 

  1. Which of the following is the main purpose of sterilization? 

    1. Killing of Bacteria                     

    2. Maintaining of Nutrient Value                  

    3. Destroying pathogenic organism               

    4. Retain Good flavor 

 

  1. What is the ideal temperature range for the operation of a biogas plant where maximum biogas can be produced?  

    1. 0-10°C    

    2. 10-20°C    

    3. 35-50°C   

    4. 30-35°C 

 

  1. What is a by-product of gasification? 

    1. water  

    2. ash  

    3. carbon dioxide   

    4. oxygen 

 

  1. Which of the following is not a factor of Road’s Horizontal alignment Design? 

    1. design speed   

    2. horizontal curve   

    3. setback distance  

    4. road gradient 

 

  1. What is the yield of a rapid gravity filter as compared to that of slow sand filter? 

[Options] 

  1. 10 times  

  2. 15 times  

  3. 20 times  

  4. 30 times 

 

  1. Which of the following is a key element of sustainable rural development in Nepal? 

    1. encouraging migration to urban areas  

    2. increasing dependence on external aid  

    3. strengthening local institutions and governance  

    4. promoting large-scale commercial agriculture 

 

  1. Which of the following protocol is related to addressing the issue of global warming by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions? 

    1. Kyoto Protocol  

    2. Montreal Protocol  

    3. UNFCCC Protocol 

    4. IPCC Protocol 

 

  1. Standard dimensions (mm x mm) of A3 drawing sheet is  

    1. 11.69 × 16.54   

    2. 29.7 × 42  

    3. 297 × 420   

    4. 420 × 280 


  1. Which of the following methods of charging depreciation of an asset has increased amount of depreciation as the age of asset increases  

    1. sum-of-year digit  

    2. sinking fund   

    3. diminishing balance    

    4. straight line  


  1. The process of optimizing the project’s limited resources without extending the project duration is known as  

    1. project crashing   

    2. resource levelling   

    3. resource smoothing    

    4. networking 

 

  1. The process of composing/raising the required fund from different sources such as equity, preferred stock, bond and debenture is known as  

    1. capital structure planning   

    2. project financing   

    3. capital budgeting decision   

    4. deducing earning per share 


  1. In which of the following society, people used to seek their existence on growing plants for their cattle and domestic animals  

    1. pastoral society   

    2. tribal society   

    3. horticultural society    

    4. agricultural society  


  1. According to Nepal Engineering Council Act, 2055 (Revised, 2079), all engineering academic institutions shall be …………………….. in the Council.  

    1. affiliated  

    2. united    

    3. recognized  

    4. associated   

 

 

Section-B (20*2 = 40) 

  1. The reduced bearing (RB) of a whole circle bearing (WCB) 1600 is  

    1. 300N    

    2. 200SE   

    3. 200SW   

    4. 450NW 


  1. Two right angles (constructed by 3-4-5 rule) forming a single triangle (in first quadrant of refence frame) would have its center of gravity (CG) 

    1. 3,3  

    2. 2,4/3  

    3. 3,4/3  

    4. 2, 3 


  1. A pycnometer containing 400gm sand and water full to the top is 2150gm. If the clear water plus pycnometer weight is 1950gm and specific gravity of soil sample is 2.5, the water content of the sample is  

    1. 15%   

    2. 20%    

    3. 25%   

    4. 10% 


  1. If a coarse-grained soil has e = 0.75, s= 2.75, the critical gradient at which quick sand condition occurs, is  

    1. 0.25  

    2. 1.00  

    3. 0.50   

    4. 0.75  


  1. The pressure of water in a pipe when water is not flowing is 3* 105 Pa and when the water flows the pressure falls to 2.5*105 Pa. The velocity of flow in m/sec is  

    1. 1  

    2. 10  

    3. 5  

    4. 20 


  1. If the depth of a trapezoidal section is 2m, base width is 3m, side slope is 1H:2V, and bed slope is 1 in 1000, Manning coefficient ‘n’ of the section will be -------- 

    1. 0.012   

    2. 0.013   

    3. 0.014   

    4. 0.015 


  1. If the water holding capacity of the soil is 15% and average moisture content in the root zone prior to applying water is 7%. How long should the irrigation stream of 30 l/sec be applied in the basin with size of 10m× 12m having crop with root zone depth as 1m and apparent specific gravity of the soil is 1.50? 

    1. 10 minutes 

    2. 12 minutes 

    3. 8 minutes 

    4. 5 minutes 

 

  1. Calculate the Carrying Capacity of the concrete channel having hydraulic radius of 6.22 cm, channel slope of 0.25% and manning coefficient of 0.016. 

    1. 16.2 l/sec  

    2. 50.2 l/sec  

    3. 10.3 l/sec  

    4. 25.1 l/sec 

 

  1. A 4 bottom 40 cm mould board plough is operating at 5 km/h speed with 50 % field efficiency. What is the rate of doing work in hectares per hour? 

    1. 0.4 ha/h                                 

    2. 0.3 ha/h                        

    3. 0.2 ha/h                 

    4. 0.5 Ha/ h 

 

  1. Calculate the seed rate of a 7 x 17 cm seed drill whose main drive wheel diameter is 124 cm and total weight of grain collected in 20 revolutions is 0.423 kg. 

    1. 70.6 kg/ha                               

    2. 45.6 Kg/ha                                        

    3. 60.6 Kg/Ha                           

    4. 55.6 Kg/Ha 

 

  1. What is the bending moment equation for a simply supported beam with a uniformly distributed load over the entire span? 

    1. M = wl²/8  

    2. M = wl²/2  

    3. M = wl/2  

    4. M = wl/8 

 

  1. A cow barn is designed to have a concrete floor with a thickness of 15 cm, and a compressive strength of 25 MPa. The live load on the floor is 10 kN/m². What is the required width of the footing for a column load of 500 kN, considering a safe bearing capacity of 25 kN/m²? 

    1. 1.0 m    

    2. 1.5 m   

    3. 2.0 m   

    4. 2.5 m 

 

  1. Which of following EC and pH termed as saline or alkaline soil? 

    1. EC > 4 dSm-1& pH <4               

    2. EC > 4 dSm-1& pH < 7          

    3. EC < 4 dSm-1& pH > 8      

    4. EC > 4 dSm-1& pH > 8  

 

  1. Which of the following is the correct formula of Cropping intensity? 

    1. π‘‡π‘œπ‘‘π‘Žπ‘™ πΆπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘π‘π‘’π‘‘ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž 𝑖𝑛  π‘Ž π‘¦π‘’π‘Žπ‘Ÿ × 100                       

𝑁𝑒𝑑 πΆπ‘’π‘™π‘‘π‘–π‘£π‘Žπ‘‘π‘’π‘‘ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž

  1. π‘‡π‘œπ‘‘π‘Žπ‘™ πΆπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘π‘π‘’π‘‘ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž 𝑖𝑛  π‘Ž π‘¦π‘’π‘Žπ‘Ÿ × 100       π‘‡π‘œπ‘‘π‘Žπ‘™ π΅π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘’ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž

  2. 𝑁𝑒𝑑 πΆπ‘’π‘™π‘‘π‘–π‘£π‘Žπ‘‘π‘’π‘‘ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž × 100                  

π‘‡π‘œπ‘‘π‘Žπ‘™ π΅π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘’ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž

  1. 𝑁𝑒𝑑 πΆπ‘’π‘™π‘‘π‘–π‘£π‘Žπ‘‘π‘’π‘‘ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž × 100    

π‘‡π‘œπ‘‘π‘Žπ‘™ πΆπ‘Ÿπ‘œπ‘π‘π‘’π‘‘ π΄π‘Ÿπ‘’π‘Ž 𝑖𝑛  π‘Ž π‘¦π‘’π‘Žπ‘Ÿ

 

  1. If the moisture Content of the maize having the weight of 2 kg is 25% (in weight basis). What is the moisture content of the paddy in Dry basis? 

    1. 43%  

    2. 23 %   

    3. 13%  

    4. 33% 

 

  1. What is the formula for calculating sensible cooling load? If, Vs is Space volume, πœŒπ‘Ž  is Air Density, 𝑆 is specific Heat Capacity of air, ∆T is Temperature Difference, and U is Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient. 

    1. 𝑉𝑠×𝑆×πœŒπ‘Ž×∆T  

𝑑

  1. 𝑉𝑠×πœŒπ‘Ž×∆T  

𝑑

  1. 𝑉𝑠×𝑆×∆T  

𝑑

  1. 𝑉𝑠×𝑆×π‘ˆ×∆T 

𝑑

 

  1. What is the formula for calculating the super elevation on a curve (f = 0.15) according to IRC? 

    1. e = v²/127R  

    2. e = v²/127G  

    3. e = v²/127S  

    4. e = v²/127H 

 

  1. How many times the power of wind turbine increases if the wind velocity is increased by 3 times? 

    1.  

    2.  

    3. 27  

    4. 81 

 

  1. Effective monthly interest rate will be …………., if nominal interest rate of 10% accounted for continuous compounding  

    1. 1%   

    2. 0.84%    

    3. 1.2%    

    4. 2%  


  1. By considering following activities of a project, the project duration will be  

Activity  

Immediate predecessors  

A, B, D 

Duration (days)  

5  

  1. 9 days  

  2. 10 days  

  3. 15 days  

  4. 24 days