July 2021


Post: Agricultural Engineer Instructor in Agriculture & Forestry University, Nepal

Site Address: https://sc.afu.edu.np/ (Notice and Apply now)

Qualifications: B.E. in Agri engineering/B.Sc. Agri. Engineering with at least second division from any recognized institutions. 

Syllabus: PDF icon Download


Syllabus for Agricultural Engineering (Instructor) 

1. General Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering. 

    1. Principles of Crop Production (cereals, pulses, oilseed, cash crops, vegetables, and fruits) 
    2. Plant Physiological Process 
    3. Soil fertility, properties and classification 
    4. Soil-water -plant relationship: infiltration, evaporation, transpiration and   consumptive use, and evapotranspiration (ET) estimation methods 
    5. Crop water requirements, irrigation frequencies, and irrigation effectiveness 
    6. Irrigation and drainage methods (furrow irrigation, border irrigation, check basin irrigation, sprinkler and drip/tickle irrigation, surface and sub-surface drainage system) 
    7. Soil erosion (rain drop erosion, rill erosion, gully erosion, stream channel erosion) and their control measures (engineering and bioengineering methods) 
    8. Human, animal, electrical, and mechanical powers  
    9. Introduction to primary and secondary tillage implements 
    10. Planting, harvesting, threshing machines, and pumps 

2. Surveying  

    1. General: Classifications; Principle of surveying; Selection of suitable method; Scales, plans and maps 
    2. Leveling: Methods of leveling; Leveling instruments and accessories; Principles of leveling  
    3. Theodolite and Traverse surveying: Temporary adjustments of theodolites; Fundamental lines and desired relations; Tachometry- stadia method; trigonometrically leveling; Checks in closed traverse  
    4. Contouring: Characteristics of contour lines; Method of locating contours; Contour plotting  
    5. Layout: Small buildings; Simple curves  

3. Construction Materials  

  1. Stone: Formation and availability of stones in Nepal; Methods of laying and construction with various stones  
  2. Cement: types, Ingredients, properties and manufacture; Admixtures 
  3. Clay and Bricks: type, manufacture, laying, bonds 
  4. Paints and Varnishes: type and selection; preparation techniques; use 

4. Mechanics of Materials and Structures  

    1. Mechanics of Materials: Internal effects of loading; Ultimate strength and working   stress of materials  
    2. Mechanics of Beams: Relation between shear force and bending moment; Thrust, shear and bending moment diagrams for statically determinate beams under various types of loading 
    3. Simple Strut Theory 

5. Hydraulics 

    1. General: Properties of fluid; mass, weight, specific weight, density, specific volume, specific gravity, viscosity; Pressure and Pascal's Law  
    2.  Hydro Kinematics and Hydro Dynamics: Energy of flowing liquid; elevation energy, kinetic energy, potential energy, internal energy  
    3.  Measurement of Discharge: Weirs and notches; Discharge formulas 
    4.  Flows: Characteristics of pipe flow and open channel flow 

6. Soil Mechanics 

    1. General : Soil types and USCS soil classification; Three phase system of soil; Unit weight of soil mass- bulk unit weight, saturated unit weight, submerged unit weight and dry unit weight; Interrelationship between specific gravity, void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, percentage of air voids air content and density index  
    2. Soil Water Relation: Darcy's law; Factors affecting permeability 
    3. Compaction of Soil: Factors affecting soil compaction; Optimum moisture content; relation between dry density and moisture content  
    4. Earth Pressures: Active and passive earth pressures 
    5. Foundation Engineering: Terzaghi's general bearing capacity formulas and their application 

7. Structural Design 

    1. R.C Section in Bending: Under reinforced, over reinforced and balanced sections 
    2. Shear and Bond for a R.C Section: Shear resistance of a R.C section; Types of shear reinforcement 
    3. Axially Loaded R.C. columns: Short and long columns 
    4. Design and Drafting of R.C. Structures: Singly and doubly reinforced rectangular beams; Simple one way and two way slabs; Axially loaded short and long columns 

8. Building Construction Technology 

    1.  Foundations: Subsoil exploration; Type and suitability of different foundations- shallow and deep; Shoring and dewatering 
    2. Walls: Type of walls and their functions; Choosing wall thickness, height to length relation; Use of scaffolding 
    3. Damp Proofing: Sources of dampness; Remedial measures to prevent dampness 
    4. Concrete Technology: Constituents of cement concrete; Grading of aggregates; Concrete mixes; Water cement ratio  
    5. Factors affecting strength of concrete  
    6. Form work 
    7. Curing 

9. Soil and Water Engineering 

    1. Water Conveyance and Control: Design of open channels, channel linings, drop structures and spillways, water control and division structures; Design of under- ground pipe conveyance system  
    2. Land Development: Land leveling-grading design methods, estimation of earthwork quantities, leveling and grading procedures, equipment for land grading and field layout  
    3. Ground Water, Irrigation Wells and Pumps: Design of wells; Wells construction procedures;  Indigenous water lifting devices, positive displacement pumps, centrifugal pumps, vertical turbine pumps, submersible pumps, propeller and mixed flow pumps, selection of pumps and their performances, repaired and maintenance  
    4. Conservation structures, watershed management and water harvesting techniques 

10. Farm Structure Development  

  1. Planning of farmstead, farm residence, water supply and sanitation  
  2. Farm road, farm fencing, farm ponds, farm irrigation and drainage  
  3. Animal Shelters: Dairy barn (housing requirements, stanchion and loose housing barns with milking barn, pen barn); Poultry housing (housing requirements, types of poultry house, brooder house;  Sheep and goat housing (types, housing requirements, construction material, layout); Swine housing (types, housing requirements, construction materials, layout);  Aqua cultural engineering (types, pond construction)  
  4. Storage Structures: Fodder storage structure, feed storage structure, food grain 
  5. storage structure, indigenous storage structure, bag storage structure, grain bins, and modern godown; Farm machinery storage structure and farm workshop  
  6. Farm and Rural Electrification: Power transmission and distribution, house wiring and its components; AC motor (single phase and poly phase), starters, selection of electric motors, care and maintenance of electric equipments; Microhydro power plants  

11. Estimating and Costing 

    1. General: Main items of work; Units of measurement  
    2. Rate Analysis: Basic general knowledge of the use of rate analysis and norms  
    3. Specifications: Interpretation of specifications  
    4. Valuation: Methods of valuation  

12. Rural Engineering  

  1.  Green Roads 
  2. Water Supply and Sanitation Engineering (Source of water and its selection: gravity and artisan springs, shallow and deep wells; infiltration galleries) 
  3. Bio engineering Measures 
  4. Renewable Energy