Application procedure, entrance preparation guide, book, syllabus, program and collage selection guide to admit in MSC program offered by IOE TU Nepal
Institute of Engineering (IOE) of Tribhuvan University, Nepal Published the notice for the MSC entrance examination 2078. Find more details about the notice through the IOE 's website . Here we have summarized the notice and entrance guide for candidate who graduated with bachelor of Agricultural Engineering.
Check:
 Entrance registration and related information: https://entrance.ioe.edu.np/
 Eligibility Criteria to appear in Master Entrance Exam 2078
 Syllabus for entrance examination (CURRICULUM FOR M.Sc. ENTRANCE EXAMINATION 2078)
 Payment procedure
Detailed Schedule for Entrance Examination of Masters Programs2078
Time and Date for Online Application: From 10 AM, 3 Mangsir 2078 (19th November 2021) to 3 PM, 17th Mangsir 2078 (3rd December 2021)Admit card can be downloaded from: 23rd Mangsir 2078 (9th December 2021) from website: https://entrance.ipe.edu.np/
Entrance Examination will be held at ICTC, IOF, Pulchowk: From 26th Mangsir 2078 (12nd December 2021)
Publication of Result: 2nd Poush 2078 (17th December 2021)
Master program for graduate of Agricultural Engineering in IOE, TU
The graduate of Agricultural Engineering or equivalent can admit in two constituent campus of IOE in following specific master programs
A. Pulchowk Campus (http://pcampus.edu.np/)
In different 12 programs offered by different departments. as shown in following table I.
B. Purwanchal campus (http://ioepc.edu.np/)
Land and water Engineering or in Sanitation Engineering offered by the department of Civil and Agricultural Engineering.
There will be total intake of 20 in each programs, among which 5 will be regular, 1 for IOE reserved, 6 for full fee and 8 for sponsored. But one seat in regular and one seat in full fee category are reserved for female candidate in each program. If there is no application for the IOE reserved or sponsored then these seat will be fulfilled as full fee category. And one fourth quota has been reserved for foreign students in each programs.
TableI: MSc programs, Entrance streams and offering departments and campuses.
SN 
Programs 
Entrance
stream 
Offered by 
A. Pulchowk
Campus, Lalitpur 

1. 
Water
Resources Engineering 
CA 
Department of Civil Engineering 
2.  Environmental
Engineering 
CA 

3. 
Hydropower
Engineering 
CA 

4.  Construction
Management 
CA/PA 

5.  Disaster Risk
Management 
CA/EE/EC/MI/
PA/GE/AS 

6. 
Renewable
Energy Engineering 
EE/CA/MI 
Department of Mechanical Engineering 
7. 
Energy
Systems Planning and Management 
EE/CA/MI 

8. 
Technology
and Innovation Management 
CA/EE/EC/MI/
PA/GE/AS 

9. 
Climate
Change and Development 
CA/EE/EC/MI/
PA/GE/AS 
Department of Science and Humanities 
10. 
Material
Science and Engineering 
CA/EE/EC/MI/
PA/GE/AS 

11. 
Applied
Mathematics 
CA/EE/EC/MI/
AM/GE 

12. 
Energy for
Sustainable Social Development 
PA/CA/MI 
Department of Architecture 
B. Purwanchal
Campus, Dharan 

13. 
Land and
water Engineering 
CA 
Department of Civil and Agricultural Engineering 
14. 
Sanitation
Engineering 
CA 
Mode of Entrance Examination
The
candidate should appear in one of the streams (listed in TableII) of entrance
examination and qualify for admission in relevant Master Program at IOE.
TableII:
Entrance Streams and Code
S. No. 
Entrance Stream 
Entrance Code 
1

Planning and Architecture 
PA 
2

Civil & Agriculture
Engineering 
CA 
3

Electrical Engineering 
EE 
4

Electronics & Computer
Engineering 
EC 
5

Mechanical and Industrial
Engineering 
MI 
6

Applied Science 
AS 
7

Geomatics Engineering 
GE 
8

Applied Mathematics 
AM 
Ã˜ Entrance
examination will be of Computer Based Multiple Choice Type of 2 hours duration
consisting of two sections. Section A consists
of 45 questions for 50 marks. While SectionB
consists of stream specialized course with 50 numbers of questions of 1
mark each.
Ã˜ The
Candidates have to secure minimum marks as prescribed by the Faculty Board of
IOE.
Ã˜ All
questions will be in English.
There will be 10% negative marking for wrong answer. Non programmable calculators are permitted. Exchange of calculators is strictly prohibited. Candidates have to bring their own calculators in the exam hall.
Selection procedure
The entrance examination board of IOE will publish the list of the successful candidates in the entrance examination notice board and via the website whereas the admission committee of constituent campuse will take care of admission procedure.
 A Candidate who has passed the relevant bachelor degree and fulfills the program entry requirements will be selected for the admission on the basis of merit list based on the score of the entrance examination.
 Admission committees of respective campuses will publish the list of admission as per its schedule. The candidates should contact the campus admission committee. All the selected candidates should follow the schedule published by the committee. Vacant seats due to the failure of any candidate to enroll in the prescribed time will be filled by admitting candidates from the consequent next list.
Admission
 The successful candidate should pay required fee and complete the procedures within the time prescribed by the admission committee of the campuses. Candidates failing to do so will lose the opportunity to get the admission. The following documents should be presented at the time of admission:
 Original and attested copies of transcripts of all academic records from SLC onwards to the latest approved degree (bachelor/masters).
 Original copies of migration and provisional certificates, if applicable.
 Original copy of Nepali citizenship certificate, passport for foreign students
 In case of discrepancy on verification of the original certificates, or in case of inclusion of the candidate's name in the admission list by mistake of any kind, admission of such a candidate will be cancelled even after his/her formal admission.
 To be eligible for master's entrance application, the candidate must have passed bachelor degree in relevant subjects with at least second division.
CURRICULUM FOR M.Sc. ENTRANCE EXAMINATION 2078
The M.Sc. Entrance examination will be “Computer Based Examination” of two hours duration, consisting of
two sections. Section A consists of
45 questions for 50 marks. While SectionB
consists of stream specialized course with 50 questions of 1 mark each.
Each question will be of objective type with multiple choice answers and
negative marking for each wrong answer is 10%.
1.1 SECTIONA
The depth of subject matter in this section shall be similar
to Bachelor Level.
1.1.1 Communication English [10]
1. Critical Reasoning [6]
Critical reasoning section aims
to test the candidate's comprehension of the interpretative abilities in
English as a language of business and communication. Critical reasoning
questions measure your ability to read with understanding, insight and
discrimination. These questions explore your ability to analyze a written
passage from several perspectives, including your ability to recognize
explicitly stated elements as well as underlying statements and their
implications. This section measures reading comprehension and critical
reasoning skills in multiplechoice format.
The critical reasoning section
measures your ability to
(a) Analyze
and evaluate a written text and synthesize information obtained from it.
(b) Analyze
relationships among component parts of sentences.
• Text
Completion/Sentence equivalence: [2x1=2]
• Reading
Passages: [2x2=4]
2. Error Analysis [2x1=2]
This section measures your ability to
• Write
sentences without any error
• Write
proposals, reports, seminars, research article, dissertations, etc. by using
most suitable words and technical terms
efficiently.
3. Analogies [2x1=2]
This section measures your
ability to explain the relation between two words.
1.1.2 Mathematics [40x1]
The format of the multiplechoice
questions varies. The solution may require simple computations, manipulations
or multistep problemsolving. These sections aim to test the candidate's
understanding of
Mathematics – A (BArch)
1. Basic Mathematics [4]
•
Sets and Functions,
• Two dimensional and threedimensional Coordinate Geometry,
2. Algebra [10]
• Polynomials
• Complex
numbers
• Sequence
and series
• Permutation
and combination
• Equations
and inequalities
• Matrices
and Determinants
• Linear
Programming
3. Vector Analysis [6]
• Vector
Algebra: Vectors and Scalars, product of two, three and four vectors,
reciprocal system
•
Vector Calculus: Gradient, Curl and Divergence
4. Calculus •
Limits and Continuity, Ordinary and Partial
Differentiation •
Indefinite and definite Integration •
Application of Derivatives and
Antiderivatives • Ordinary
Differential Equations. 
[13] 
5. Elementary
Statistics and Probability 
[3] 
6. Elementary
Trigonometry, Logarithm Mathematics – B (For all except Barch) 
[4] 
1. Basic Mathematics • Sets
and Functions, • Two
dimensional and threedimensional Coordinate Geometry, 
[3] 
2. Algebra •
Polynomials •
Complex numbers •
Sequence and series •
Permutation and combination •
Equations and inequalities •
Matrices and Determinants •
Eigen values and Eigen vectors,
Diagonalization of matrix • Linear
Programming 
[8] 
3. Vector Analysis 
[6] 
• Vector
Algebra: Vectors and Scalars, product of two, three and four vectors,
reciprocal system
•
Vector Calculus: Gradient, Curl and Divergence,
line integral, surface integral and volume integral.
4. Calculus [12]
•
Limits and Continuity, Ordinary and Partial
Differentiation
•
Indefinite and definite Integration
•
Application of Derivatives and Antiderivatives
•
Ordinary Differential Equations.
5. Elementary
Statistics and Probability 
[3] 
6. Elementary
Trigonometry, Logarithm 
[4] 
7. Transforms:
Laplace transform, Fourier series 
[4] 
1.2 SECTIONB
The depth of subject matter in each subject of stream
specialized course shall be that of B.E./B.Arch. level relevant courses offered
by T.U.
1.2.1 Applied Science (AS) [50x1]
1. Mechanical Waves & Oscillations [5]
• Wave
motion: Mechanical wave, Velocity of wave, energy, power & Intensity;
stationary wave
• Acoustic
phenomena: Echo & reverberation, beats, modes of vibration in string and
pipes
•
Ultrasound: production, applications
2. Heat & Thermodynamics [4]
•
Fundamentals of heat: Calorimetry, Change of
state
•
Transfer of heat: Conduction, convection and
radiation
• Thermodynamics:
Gas laws, kinetic theory of gas, first law of thermodynamics, second law of
thermodynamics,
•
Applications: Entropy, heat engines, refrigerators
3. Electromagnetic Waves & Oscillations [8]
•
Electric and Magnetic fields: Intensity,
potential, potential gradient, capacitors
•
DC and AC Circuit: LR, LC, RC, LR, LCR circuits
• Maxwell's
Equations: Gauss law, Faradays law of electromagnetic induction, Ampere's law
& its modification
•
Wave optics: Interference, diffraction,
polarization, optical fibers
4. Modern Physics [8]
•
Electrons: e, e/m, motion of electron in
electric and magnetic fields
•
Photoelectric Effect: Einstein's equation, solar
cell, Photovoltaic cell
• Advanced
Materials: Semiconductor, dielectric materials, magnetic materials,
superconductor, Nanotechnology & materials
• Quantization
of energy: Bohr’s theory, energy level, waveparticle duality, uncertainty
principle, Laser.
•
Radioactivity: radioactive disintegration,
fission, fusion
•
Energy and Environment: Renewable and
nonrenewable energy resources, ultraviolet radiation, greenhouse effect,
climate change.
5. Chemistry in Daily Life [3+2]
• Carbohydrates,
proteins, enzymes, nucleic acids, drugs and their classifications antacids,
antihistamines, neurologically active drugs tranquilizers, analgesics,
antimicrobials antibiotics, antiseptic’s and disinfectants, soaps and
detergents.
•
Organic and Inorganic polymers, biodegradable
and nonbio degradable, conducting polymers
6. Environmental Chemistry [4]
• Water Pollution: Surface and ground
water pollution, water pollutantsvisible and invisible, chemical and
microbiological, their adverse impacts and remedies.
•
Air Pollution: Air pollutants, gases SOX, NOX,
COX, O3, hydrocarbons, particulatedusts, smokes and fly ash.
7. Water [3]
• Soft and hard, degree of hardness,
alkalinity, specification for domestic and industrial purposes, boiler feed
water, sludge and scale, water treatment.
8. Catalysts
[1]
•
Action of catalysts, characteristics and
mechanism of catalysis.
9. Electrochemistry [3]
• Electrode potential and its
measurements, standard electrode potential, electrochemical cells, electrolytic
cells, Nernst equation, EMF of cells, buffer, pH, corrosion, electrochemical
series,
10. Applied Chemistry [2+2] •
•
Fuel and Combustion: classification calorific
values, coal, petroleum, kerosene, gasoline, biogas.
•
Explosives: classification, preparation and
applications.
11. 3d Transition Elements [2]
•
Electronic configuration, oxidation states,
complex formation, alloy formation and magnetic properties.
12. Isomerism
[1]
•
Stereoisomerism geometric isomerism, optical
isomerism.
13. Instrumental Technique in Chemical Analysis [2]
• Visible and ultraviolet spectroscopy,
nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS)
1.2.2 Architecture and Planning (AP) [50×1]
1. Architecture [35]
1.1 History of Architecture [5]
1.1.1 History of Nepalese Architecture
1.1.2 History of Easter Architecture
1.1.3
History of Western Architecture
1.1.4 History of Contemporary Architecture
1.2 Building Material and Technology [5]
1.2.1 Building MaterialBrick, Timber, Cement,
Stone, Aluminum, Mud etc.
1.2.2
Building Technology  Load
Bearing, Frame Structure, different wall, roof,
floor, etc.
1.3 Building Science [5]
1.3.1 Climatology
1.3.2 Thermal Aspects
1.3.3 Architectural Lighting
1.3.4 Architectural Acoustics
1.4 Green Building Design [5]
1.4.1
Green Building Design Concept
1.4.2 Green Building Rating System–LEED, GRIHA,
CASBEE, etc.
1.4.3 Passive and active Solar Architecture
1.4.4 Examples of Green Building and Planning
1.5 Architecture and conservation [5]
1.5.1 Historical monument and building of Nepal and
World
1.5.2 Architectural Conservation of Nepal
1.6 Contemporary Architecture of Nepal [5]
1.6.1 Contemporary Architectural practices of Nepal
1.6.2 Problem and way out for future in Nepal
1.7 Building Services [5]
1.7.1
Electrical Service – Artificial
lighting system, Solar Lighting
1.7.2
Mechanical Service – HVAC, Lift,
Escalator, Solar water heating, etc.
1.7.3 Water Supply and Sanitation
2. Planning [15]
2.1 History of Planning – Ancient Town and
Settlement [5]
2.2 Urban problems in towns of Nepal [5]
2.3 Urban Environment and Urbanization in
Nepal [5]
1.2.3 Civil & Agricultural Engineering
(CA) [50
× 1]
1. Structural Engineering [10]
Stresses and strains, Bending
and deflection and its equations, Statically determinate structure:
displacements by energy principles; static and kinematic indeterminacies;
analysis of indeterminate structures; slopedeflection and momentdistribution
methods; influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures; trusses;
two and three hinged arches; analysis of trusses and frames; concepts of
plastic analysis of beams and frames.
2. Geotechnical Engineering [10]
Phase relationship, soil classification,
clay mineralogy, soil compaction, permeability, principal of effective stress,
seepage analysis, stress distribution, consolidation, shear strength of soil,
stability of slopes, soil exploration, earth pressure theories, rigid and
flexible retaining structures, bearing capacity and settlement of shallow
foundations, analysis of deep foundation (pile, pier, well), foundation soil
improvement.
3. Water Resources Engineering [10]
Physical properties of Fluid,
Fluid pressure, Equilibrium stability of floating bodies, Fluid kinematics,
Classification of fluid flow, Dynamics of flows, Euler's equation, Bernoulli's
equation, Navier stokes equation Boundary layer theory, Momentum equation, Open
channel flow, Uniform and Non uniform flow, Energy & momentum principle for
open channel flow, Flow in mobile boundary channel, Flow over notches &
weirs, Gradually varied flow, Hydraulic Jump and its analysis, Similitude and
physical modeling, Physical hydrology, Surface runoff, Rainfallrunoff correlation,
Hydrograph Analysis, Unit hydrographs, Peak flow estimation and statistical
hydrology, Flood routing.
4. Transportation Engineering [10]
Road transportation in Nepalese
context, Highway alignment, Geometric design, Highway drainage system, Highway
materials, Traffic Studies, traffic control devices and measures, Road
intersection and design, Road pavement, Construction and maintenance of road
pavements, Bridge type, site selection, components and protection structures,
Tunnel components, requirements and methods of tunneling.
5. Water Supply & Sanitary Engineering [10]
Introduction of Water Supply
Engineering, Sources of water, Quantity of Water, WHO guidelines, Nepal
Drinking water quality standards, Quality of Water, Intake Works, Water
Treatments natural, artificial, Sedimentation, Filtration, Disinfection,
Reservoirs and Distribution System, Conveyance of water, Valves and Fittings.
Introduction of sanitary engineering, Quantity of Waste Water, Characteristics
and Examination of Sewage, Design and Construction of Sewers, Sewer
Appurtenances, Sewage Disposal, sewage Treatment, Sludge Treatment and
Disposal, Disposal of Sewage from Isolated Buildings, Solid Waste management,
WASH and Ecosan.
1.2.4 Electrical
Engineering (EE) [50x1]
1. Basic Electrical Circuits [10]
•
Network Theorems: Thevenin's, Norton’s, Maximum
power & Reciprocity Theorems
• AC
circuits: Concept of complex impedance phasor diagram, Active, Reactive &
Apparent power, Resonance in AC circuits
•
Three phase circuits: Phase & line
quantities in three phase system, 3phase power
• Transient
response: Transient response analysis for RL, RC & RLC circuit. Pole
zero plots
•
Two port Networks: Zparameters, Yparameters
& ABCD –parameters
2. Electrical Machines [10]
• Electromagnets:
Magnetic circuits, Fleming's Right hand & Lefthand rules, Faraday’s Law of
electromagnetic induction, electromechanical energy conversion principle
• Transformers:
Equivalent circuits, Phasor diagrams, Losses & efficiency, Voltage
regulations, Instrument transformers, three phase transformer connections,
parallel operation of 11 & 31 Transformers
• Synchronous
machine: Operating principle. Effect of Excitation, Power angle
characteristics, Phasor diagrams, Losses & efficiency, Voltage regulations,
parallel operation of alternator,
• Induction
machine Operating principle, TS Characteristics, Losses and efficiency,
Testing, Starting methods, Speed Control
•
DC generator: Construction, Operating principle
and characteristics of different types dc generator
•
DC motor: Operating principle, Characteristics
of different types dc motor, Speed control and starter
3. Power Systems [20]
• • Transmission line: Line parameters, per
unit system representation, single line diagrams, sort, medium & long
lines, efficiency & regulations.
• Transmission
line design: selection of voltage, conductor, sag calculation, stringing chart,
line insulators and string efficiency
•
Distribution system: Radial and loop
distribution, Rural and Urban Distribution system
• Economics
of Generation: Load curve, Load duration curve, Diversity factor. Load factor,
loss of load factor, tariff schemes,
•
Load flow: Bus classification, Ybus formation
GS & NR load flow methods
• Stability
studies: Swing equations, equal area criterion, Stability enhancement
techniques
•
Series & shunt compensations
• Fault
calculations: Symmetrical & unsymmetrical faults in power systems, grounded
& undergrounded systems, over Voltages in transmission lines, surge
arrestors
• Over
voltage in transmission line: Temperature over voltage, switching over voltages
and lightning overvoltage
• Relays
and circuit breakers: Instantaneous & IDMT relays, ABC, VCB & gas
circuit Surge arresters brasses, differential & distance protection schemes
•
Power control: Loadfrequency control, VARVolt
control
•
Safety Engineering: Electric shocks, Equipment
Earthing Mat earthing of power stations, measurement of earth resistivity and
earth resistances
4. Power Electronics [10]
•
Power electronics devices: Diode, IGBT, BJT,
MOSFET
•
Operational amplifier: Thyristors, GTO, TRAIC
•
Rectifiers: Single Phase & three phase
rectifiers, uncontrolled and controlled rectifiers
•
Inverters: single phase & three phase
invertors
•
Choppers: Step up and stepdown choppers,
chopper Classifications.
1.2.5 Electronics and
Computer Engineering (EC) [50x1]
1. Electrical Circuit and System [5]
•
Ohms law, Kirchhoff’s laws
•
The venin's Norton's and maximum power transform
theorem
•
Active, reactive and apparent power (single
& threephase) and resonance
•
Transient and steady state analysis, pole zero
plots. twoport parameters.
2. Electronics Circuit and System [10]
•
Integrated circuit technology and device models
•
Operational Amplifier circuits
•
Operational Amplifier characterization
•
Power supplies and voltage regulators
•
Untuned and tuned amplifiers
•
Oscillator circuits
•
DigitaltoAnalog (DAC) and AnalogtoDigital
(ADC) conversion
•
Instrumentation and isolation amplifiers
Operational amplifierbipolar transistor logarithmic
amplifiers • Logantilog
circuit application • Communication
circuits • Switched
power supplies • Introduction
to power electronics 

3. Computer Architecture •
Fundamentals of Computer Architecture &
Organization •
Number System •
Boolean Algebra •
Logic Gates •
Combination and Sequential Logic •
A/D and D/A Conversion •
Memory •
Instruction Set •
Operating System and Application Program
Concepts • Computer
Applications 
[10] 
4. Computer Networks 
[5] 
5. Communication System • Analog
and Digital Communication Theory and System 
[4] 
6. Object Oriented Programming Language • Object
oriented programming concepts • Introduction
to C++ • Operator
Overloading • Encapsulation
• Polymorphism
• Inheritance
• Templates
and file handling 
[8] 
7. Discrete Structure • Propositional
logic and predicate logic • Methods
of proof and formal reasoning • Binary
relations • Finite
state automata • Recurrence
Relation • Graph
theory and graph algorithms 
[8] 
1.2.6 Mechanical & Industrial
Engineering (MI) 
[50x1] 
1. Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer 
[12] 
•
Equality of Temperature and Zeroth Law of
Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Work
•
Transfer
•
Control Mass and Control Volume Formulation of
First Law, Steady State Applications
•
Entropy, Second Law of Thermodynamics for an
Isolated System, Control Mass and
•
Control Volume Formulation of second law
• Second
Law, Entropy Relations and Isentropic Process, Heat Engine, Heat Pump and
Refrigerator
•
Carnot Cycle, Brayton Cycle, Rankin Cycle, Otto
Cycle, Diesel Cycle, Vapour
•
Compression Cycle
• One
dimensional steady state heat Conduction through a plane wall, Radial steady
state heat conduction through a hollow cylinder, Heat flow through composite
structures, Electrical Analogy for thermal resistance, Convection Fundamentals
and Radiation Heat
•
Transfer Fundamentals
•
IC Engines
2. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machine [10]
•
Basic concepts and Fluid and flow
•
Flow measurement
•
Continuity equation, Momentum equation,
Bernoulli's equation and their applications
•
Viscous flow, flow inside closed conduits and
head losses
•
Water turbines
•
Turbo machines
•
Water Pumps
3. Mechanics and Strength of Materials [12]
•
Concept of particles and rigid bodies
•
Effect of forces on particles and rigid body
• Applications
of equilibrium equations for solving problems of particles and rigid bodies (in
2 Dimensions and 3Dimensions.)
•
Types of structures, statically determinate and
indeterminate
•
Moments and couples
•
Distributed forces, C.G., Centroid, area and
Mass moment of inertia,
•
Kinematics of particles and rigid bodies
•
Equations of motion
•
Dynamic equilibrium
•
Kinetics of particles and rigid bodies
•
Applications of Newton's Second Law
•
Application of Principle of Work and Energy
•
Principle of Impulse and Momentum
•
Conservation of Energy
•
Concept of Stress and Strain
•
Types of loads and Beams
•
Materials Properties and Material Testing
•
Shear Force, Bending Moment diagram
•
Mechanical Design
4. Energy [8]
•
Sources of conventional energy, fossil fuels,
calorific values
•
Renewable energy sources and their nature
• Basic
concepts of: Solar thermal energy, Solar photovoltaic energy, wind energy,
Biomass, Geothermal energy and Hydraulic energy
•
Consumption and environmental aspects of energy
5. Industrial
Engineering and Management [8]
•
Classification of manufacturing processes.
•
Materials selection criteria
•
Elements of cost
•
Role of production, operation management and
system concepts
•
Production planning and control
•
Plant location and plant layout design
•
Forecasting techniques
•
Inventory Control
•
Decision making process
•
Quality Assurance and Quality Control
1.2.7 MSc
in Geospatial Engineering (GE) (50x1)
1. Traditional Surveying, Survey Networks and Modern Techniques of Surveying [12]
• Fundamentals of surveying; triangulation
and trilateration; bathymetric survey for determination of depth of waterbodies
and profile and crosssections including discharge measurements; setting out of
building, road, bridges and other structures; national trig points, reference
level surface (orthometric, ellipsoid, geoid) and gravity measurement;
principles of photogrammetry and remote sensing, application of photogrammetry
and remote sensing; flight planning; photogrammetric products; different
systems of remote sensing; distortions in satellite imageries; image processing
and interpretation.
2. Spatial Data and Spatial Information System [10]
• Map projections and projected coordinate
systems; vector and raster data format; topology; spatial data acquisition and
analysis (buffer analysis, network analysis, spatial overlay, watershed
analysis, terrain analysis, etc.); presentation of outcomes of spatial
analysis; importance of GIS and web GIS, different fields of application of GIS
and web GIS; ER model; relational data model; spatial database management
system
(SDBMS); standard query language
(SQL) for spatial databases
3. Geodesy, GNSS and Adjustment of Observations [12]
• Reference systems: astronomical,
geocentric, geodetic and plane coordinate systems; ICRF, ITRF, ECEF, WGS84,
Everest 1830; transformation between different reference systems; time systems;
measurement of gravity potential; terrestrial, astronomical and satellite
positioning; GNSS observables and mathematical models for positioning;
satellite orbits; GNSS system biases and mitigation measures; satellite
geometry and dilution of precision (DoP); GNSS survey techniques; field survey
specifications; integration of INS in GNSS; augmentation systems; redundant
observations, error eclipse and confidence level; linear and nonlinear
adjustment models; least square adjustment method; statistical testing (univariate
and multivariate).
4. Cartography and spatial visualization [6]
• Elements of map; types of map;
principles and planning of map design; map design procedure; map layout; color
scheme; typographic guidelines; map production and dissemination techniques;
application of GIS in map design; static, dynamic, animated, interactive and
collaborative web mapping and OGC standards.
5. Cadastre, and Land Administration and Management [10]
• Concept and types of cadastre;
importance of cadastral system; analog vs digital cadastral system; different
components of cadastre and technical requirements for cadastral survey in
Nepalese context; different methods of cadastral survey including workflow;
land registration process, updating and archiving of cadastral documents in
Nepal; legal framework for cadastral system; international practices in
cadastre; different components and advantages of LIS; stakeholders and their
role in LIS; maintenance of cadastre and LIS in Nepal; national land policy;
land market, taxation, reform and land use planning; land tenure and tenure security;
issues of land management; land conflict and its resolution; modernization of
land administration and management in Nepal.
1.2.8 M.Sc.
in Applied Mathematics (AM) (50x1)
1. Calculus [15]
• Double integral; First order linear and
non linear differential equations; Differential equation of first order and
first degree and their applications; Linear differential equations with
constant coefficients; Second order linear differential equations; Partial
differential equation of first order
2. Algebra [15]
• Binary
operations and properties of integers: Binary operations, algebraic structures,
equivalence relations and equivalence classes, properties of integers and prime
number, divisors and greatest common divisors, prime factors and unique
factorization theorem, congruencies and residue classes.
• Groups
: Definition, semigroups and groups, order of a group, properties of groups,
integral power of an element, subgroups and their properties, cyclic groups,
order of an element of a group, normalizer, permutation groups, normal
subgroups, quotient groups and their properties, homomorphism, kernel and
isomorphism
• Rings
and fields: Rings and their special classes, elementary properties of rings,
zero divisor and division ring, integral domain, field and their properties.
• Theory
of polynomial equations, cubic and biquadratic equations, numerical solution of
equations
•
Linear maps and matrices.
3. Mathematical Analysis [10]
•
Elementary logic
• Real
number system, point set topology of the real line, sequences and series of the
real numbers
• Euclidian
spaces and metric spaces, completeness, sequences in metric space, sequences
and series of functions
•
Improper integrals
4. Fundamentals of Statistics [10]
•
Population and sample, Presentation of data
•
Measures of central tendency and Measures of
dispersion
•
Moments, skewness and kurtosis
•
Index numbers, Time series analysis
• Correlation
and regression, Analysis of categorical
data
•
Estimation and hypothesis testing
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