Guidelines for writing Proposal for BEAg Final year Project - by Er. Sagar Kafle

Guidelines for writing Proposal for BEAg Final year Project
Title of the proposed project
Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Research questions
1.4 Research objectives
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
Chapter 2. Literature review
Chapter 3. Research methodology
3.1 Research design
3.2 Study area
3.3 Methods of data collection
3.4 Data analysis
Chapter 4. Research plan
Chapter 5. Budget plan


No more than 15 pages in length (excluding title page).
Font: Times New Roman, Font Size: 12 pts, Paragraph: Justified, Line spacing 1.5
A project proposal may include all of the following sections:

Title of project

The title should be concise, as long titles are cumbersome to accommodate in information retrieval systems. Select appropriate key words or phrases, and avoid rambling and meaningless statements such as: An investigation into the possibility of conducting research in . . . Do not start a title with a present participle, such as Investigating, or Analysing. The title should rather read: An analysis ofThis should provide a snap shot of your proposed project.
See Annex I for title page format.

Background of the project

Make sure the proposal starts on a general level with some type of introductory remarks before going into the details of the specific research question you are proposing. This can be accomplished by providing a frame of reference, a definition, or a discussion of the significance of the topic in the field.
This section should explain the background of the project, what motivated you to take up the project and the contribution to knowledge which you wish to make. Indicate why this area you have chosen for the project is important? Keep in mind SPQR technique for this section (Situation, Problem, Question and your Response).


Clarify the objectives of the research show what you want to achieve. Where feasible, objectives should be divided into general and specific objectives, and should be numbered. In writing the proposal, it is important to remain focused on the objectives.

Literature review

The literature review is written to place your study within the context of existing knowledge and other studies in your discipline. It gives recognition to other scholars and it also allows you to point out what is new about your research. Be sure to indicate if you are building on a previous study or a well-established theory; addressing certain gaps in knowledge that exist; or adding to existing knowledge by doing a study with a different or more complete methodology.
This section is a review of the literature which should outline the important studies that has been carried out related to your project. This would provide you assessing the state of knowledge and the knowledge gap and therefore help you putting your project in a perspective. An adequate literature review is required in all research proposals, especially if funding is required. The purpose of the literature review should:
§  Provide evidence to the faculty research committee that you are well acquainted with past and current research in the field of study.
§  Prove that the thesis/dissertation will not duplicate past or current research.
§  Indicate how the intended research relates to similar and past research; in other words, the literature review positions your research within the existing body of knowledge.


Provide a full description of your general research design, as well as the specific methods and procedures used in your research project. The methodology should be sufficiently detailed so that it can be replicated. If you are following a methodological approach developed by others, cite the relevant studies. Provide diagrams, charts, and illustrations as appropriate for your discipline. List the instrumentation you used and provide a diagram of the experimental setup.This section should outline the methodology that you plan to follow in the course of undertaking of the project:
·         The framework of your study.
·         How data/information will be generated and the flow chart showing the steps /stages gathered and how you expect to analyze the data.
·         Indication of the theoretical concept you may be using
·         Special consideration where the project involves interaction with the people and their environment where applicable, and how would you deal with risks and uncertainties in the course of the project undertaking.
·         Brief of description of software/models you purpose to use.

Expected Result

Describe the projects expected result, which may include impacts on the engineering field, societal and economic benefits, etc.

Time schedule

This section should summarize the schedule of undertaking of the project activities and the approximate timing within available time frame.

Estimated Budget

This section should include the details of estimated budget.


This section is a list of all sources of literature you referred to while preparing your proposal. Use Vancouver system. (See Annex II for details)


Vancouver System of Citation and Referencing
For citation use square brackets.For Eg. [1]
Authors(s).Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.
Basu P. Biomass gasification and pyrolysis: practical design and theory. Academic press; 2010.
Editor(s), editor(s). Title of book.Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.
Overend RP, Milne T, Mudge L, editors. Fundamentals of thermochemical biomass conversion.Springer Science & Business Media; 2012.
Author.Title of chapter. In: Editors, editors. Title of book.Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Page numbers.
Carandang CG, Martin A. Clinical assessment of children and adolescents with depression. In: Rey JM, Birmaher B, editors. Treating child and adolescent depression. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009. p. 23-40.
Author(s).Title of article. Title of Journal (abbreviated). Date of publication;Volume(Issue):Page numbers.
Kafle S, Parajuli R, Euh SH, Oh KC, Choi YS, Adhikari K, Oh JH, Kim DH.Potential biomass supply for agro-pellet production from agricultural crop residue in Nepal. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 2016 Jan 2;38(1):149-53.
Author(s) of paper.Title of paper. In: Editor(s) surname and initials, editor(s). Title of conference; Date of conference; Place of conference. Place of publication: Publishers name; Year of publication. Page numbers.
Kafle S, Euh SH, Nam YS, Lee CG, Oh KC, Ju YM, Lee SY, Kim JM, Choe YS, Baek SH, Oh JH.Reduction of Tar Fouling in Wood Pellet Boiler using Dolomite and Lime as Additives.Proceedings of the Korea Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference. 2015;20(1):61-2.
Author(s).Thesis title [type of thesis]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.
Kafle S. Development of reduction techniques on tar fouling by dolomite and lime additives in a wood pellet boiler [masters thesis].South Korea; Kangwon National University; 2016.
Author.Title of web page [Medium]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [updated Year Month Day; cited Year Month Day]. Available from: URL
Fehrenbach MJ. Dental hygiene education [Internet]. Chicago: Fehrenbach and Associates; 1997 [updated 2012 Feb 9; cited 2012 Aug 24]. Available from:
Author.Title of article.Title of Newspaper (Edition). Year Month Day: URL
Ahikari K, Kafle STime to ChangeKathmandu Post.2016 Feb 23.

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